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No Child Left Behind Act

No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is an Act concerning the education of public school children. Its purpose is to close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind.

NCLB supports a standards-based education reform, which is based on the premise that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals can improve individual outcomes in education.  The Act requires states to develop assessements in basic skills (language arts literacy, mathematics, & science) to be given to all students in certain grades, NJASK3, 4, & 5.  These assessments are MANDATORY to receive federal funding for schools.

NCLB requires that adequate yearly progress (AYP) in language arts literacy and mathematics be measured annually for each school in New Jersey.  AYP is based primarily on the results of the NJASK assessments.  Schools must meet the state's academic proficiency benchmarks, as well as other indicators such as test participation and attendance or drop-out rate, to make AYP. These benchmarks increase on an incremental basis every three years.

Schools that do not make AYP for one year (Year 1) receive an Early Warning designation to alert them that student did not meet at least one of the AYP indicators.  If a school does not make AYP for two or more consecutive years in the same content area (language arts literacy and mathematics) it is identified as a school in need of improvement and certain sanctions must be applied.

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